2001   Ph. D., History.  University of Massachusetts Amherst

Dissertation: " 'Fear of an Oath': Piety, Hypocrisy, and the Dilemma of Puritan Identity." Committee: Barry Levy (Chair), Gerald McFarland, Stephen Nissenbaum, and Mason Lowance. (Dissertation defense passed with highest distinction November 3, 2000.) Addresses the social tensions and conflicts over oaths and profane swearing in early modern England as well as seventeenth and eighteenth century New England.  These problems led to the formation of a unique New England cultural identity based on linguistic behavior involving literal interpretations of truth.  


1994   M. A., History. University of Vermont

M. A. Thesis:  "Boundaries of Restriction: Immigration and Vermont Senator William Paul Dillingham."  Explores the rural nativist impulses as expressed by Vermont Senator William Paul Dillingham and how this bias against immigrants resulted in the 1924 National Origins Quota legislation.

1991   B. A., History. Susquehanna University

Senior Thesis: "The W.P.A. in Pennsylvania."

Examines the efforts of the Works Progress Administration in Pennsylvania, specifically the art projects sponsored by the federal government.



“The Contested Will of ‘Goodman Penn’: Anglo-New England Politics, Culture, and

Legalities, 1688- 1716,Law and History Review 27:3 (Fall 2009).

"Resentment and Revolution," Review of J.  Revel Carr, "Seeds of Discontent: The Deep Roots of the American Revolution 1650 - 1750," Reviews in American History (June 2009) .

"Boundaries of Restriction: The Dillingham Commission," forthcoming, Federal History.

Review of  Robin Einhorn, “American Taxation, American Slavery,” 40.1 The History

Teacher (November 2006).

“Colonial Era,” “Indentured Servitude,” Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor and Working Class

History Eric Arnesen ed., New York: Routledge, 2006.

Review of Randall Huff, “The Revolutionary War Era,” 39.2 The History

Teacher  (February 2006).

Review of Janet Siskind, “Rum & Axes: The Rise of a Connecticut Merchant Family,

1795-1850,” Connecticut History 44.1(Spring 2005), 167-168.

"The Ordeal of Zeal- of -the-Land Busy: The Conflict Over Profane Swearing and the

Puritan Culture of Discipline."  Journal of American and Comparative Cultures. 2002. 

"Great Man Theory of History,"  "Jacksonian Democracy," "Monroe Doctrine," 

"Nativism,"  "Isolationism,"  "Progressivism,"  "States' Rights,"  "Alexis de   Tocqueville," "Individualism,"  "Thomas Paine,"  "Federalism,"  "Thomas Jefferson,"  "Manifest Destiny,"  "Pluralism,"  "Populism," "Republicanism," "Liberalism,"  "Conservatism,"  "Edmund Burke,"  "Democracy,"  "Absolutism,"  "Class,"  "Freemasonry,"  "McCarthyism,"  "Puritanism." A World of Ideas: A Dictionary of Important Theories, Concepts and Thinkers Chris Rohmann ed., New York: Ballantine Books, 1999. 

"Vermont Nativism: William Paul Dillingham and U.S. Immigration Legislation."

Vermont History 63 (Winter 1995): 15-29.


2007                   Keene State College Adjunct Faculty Professional Development Grant

2007                   Arts and Humanities History Department Web Site Stipend

1995-1999           University of Massachusetts Amherst Graduate Teaching Fellowship

1994                     National Society of Colonial Dames of America Award

1994                     Chittenden County [Vermont] Historical Society Award

1993-1994           University of Vermont Graduate Teaching Fellowship



2001 - present: Lecturer. History Department. Keene State College

2004 – present: Lecturer. History Department. Franklin Pierce University

2002 – 2004: Visiting Assistant Professor, History Department. University of Massachusetts Amherst

2000 - 2001: Visiting Instructor in History, History Department. Susquehanna University

1996 - 2000: Continuing Education Instructor, University of Massachusetts Amherst

1995 - 1999: Graduate Teaching Assistant, University of Massachusetts Amherst

1994 - 1999: Adjunct Faculty Lecturer/Continuing Education Instructor, University of Vermont

1993 - 1994: Graduate Teaching Assistant, University of Vermont



Worlds of Early America (Keene State College)

American Colonies to 1763 (Keene State College)

American Experience (Franklin Pierce College)

Modern European Intellectual History (Franklin Pierce College)

Reason and Romanticism (Franklin Pierce College)

Crime and Punishment in Early America (Keene State College)

Twentieth Century World History (Franklin Pierce College)

History and Film (Franklin Pierce College)

Slavery and Civil War (Franklin Pierce College)

Protest in America (Keene State College, Franklin Pierce College)

Emergence of Modern America, 1877 – 1945 (Franklin Pierce College)

Colonial New England (Keene State College)

Salem Village Witchcraft (Keene State College)

Spanish Colonial America (Keene State College)

American Thought and Culture I (University of Massachusetts Amherst)

Atlantic World 1492-1800 (Keene State College)        

American Revolution (University of Massachusetts Amherst, Susquehanna University)

British Colonial America 1600-1763 (Keene State College, Susquehanna University)

Topics in U.S. History I (Keene State College)

Topics in U.S. History II (Keene State College)

U.S. History to 1877 (University of Vermont, Susquehanna University, University of Massachusetts)

U.S. History Since 1877 (University of Vermont, Susquehanna University)

Peopling of America (University of Vermont)

American Immigration (University of Vermont)


September 2010, “Seventeenth Century New England Legalities and Conflicting Visions of Empire,” The Edmund Rice (1638) Association, Westborough, MA. 

September 2010, Constitution Day Lecture, "Calvin and Hobbes and the U.S. Constitution," Keene State College History Department, Madison Street Lounge, Student Center, Keene State College.

June 2010: Project Humanist. "The Progressive Era & World War I in the Monadnock Region:  A Two Day Teacher Workshop for all Educators," Historical Society of Cheshire County, Keene, New Hampshire.

October 2009:  Chair, Session 6: "National Questions and New England Politics," New England Historical Association, University of Vermont.  

September 2009, Constitution Day Lecture, "Free Despite the Constitution," Keene State College History Department, Mountainview Room, Student Center, Keene State College.

July  2009. "Migration Out of Western Massachusetts in the Early Republic," People in Motion: Immigration and Migration in American History, UMass Civic Initiative and Southbridge Public Schools, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Campus Center.

May 2009, Outside Evaluator of Senior Thesis, Marlboro College, Marlboro, Vermont.

June 2008, “Vermont Nativism: William Paul Dillingham and U.S. Immigration Legislation,” The Historical Society’s 2008 Conference: Migration, Diaspora, Ethnicity, & Nationalism in History, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD June 5- 8, 2008

March 2008, “Vermont Nativism: William Paul Dillingham and U.S. Immigration Legislation,”

2008 Annual Meeting of the Organization of American Historians. New York City

March/April 2006, Workshop, “Transformations: The Atlantic World in the Late

Seventeenth Century,” a workshop of the Atlantic History Seminar, Harvard University.

October 2005, Workshop, “The Burden of Spanish Silver: The Impact on American

Labor and Europe’s Economy,” a workshop of the Atlantic History Seminar, Harvard University.

April 2005, Workshop, “Atlantic Legalities, 1500-1825,” a workshop of the Atlantic

History Seminar, Harvard University.


April 2003, “Reconciling the Letter and Spirit: The Problems of Determining

Truth, Sincerity, and Godliness in Early New England” “Letter and Spirit in Early America” Society of Early Americanists Conference, Providence, Rhode Island.

March 2002,  "The Ordeal of Zeal of the Land Busy: The Conflict Over Profane

Swearing and the Puritan Culture of Discipline," Elizabethan & English Renaissance Popular Culture Panel, 32nd Annual National Conference of the Popular Culture Association, Toronto, Canada.           

December 1999, "The Art of Smuggling: Customs-House Oaths and 'Cheating the Devil’

in Eighteenth-Century Massachusetts,"  Northeast American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies,  University of New Hampshire-Durham.

November 1999, Workshop, "Caribbean Resources for Atlantic History," a workshop of the Atlantic History Seminar, Harvard University.

October 1999,  Workshop, "Microhistory:  Its Advantages and Limitations for the Study

of Early American History,"  sponsored by the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, University of Connecticut-Storrs.

March 1999  " 'Fear of an Oath:' Puritan Concepts of Language and Popular Religious

Beliefs in Colonial Massachusetts" History Department Colloquium, University of Massachusetts-Amherst.

October 1998  "Oaths and Spiritual Experience in Late Seventeenth-Century

Massachusetts," The New England Historical Association, Connecticut College, New London, Connecticut.

May 1994  "Old Wine in New Bottles: Current Immigration Debates,"  History

Department Colloquium, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.



Organization of American Historians

The Historical Society

American Historical Association

Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture

Northeastern American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies

American Culture Association

Society of Early Americanists